Giovanni and Leporello overhear the lament of an abandoned woman. They swear vengeance to the … The first performance of the opera was postponed. Won over, Zerlina agrees. He changes clothes with Leporello. For Mozart, it was an unusually intense work, and it was not entirely understood in his own time. It was performed in German in Amsterdam and St Petersburg. It is about the character better known as Don Juan.The music was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.The libretto was written by Lorenzo da Ponte.The opera was first performed at the National Theatre in Prague on 29 October 1787. Using Leporello as a shield, Giovanni escapes. They hide behind a wall. The story was originally a folktale. The Story of Don Giovanni, ACT I Late one evening outside of the old nobleman Commendatore's palace, Leporello (Don Giovanni's servant) is keeping watch as Don Giovanni tries to seduce Commendatore's daughter, Donna Anna. , From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Don_Giovanni&oldid=6234876, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, 1934: Ezio Pinza (Don Giovanni), Rosa Ponselle (Donna Anna), Maria Müller (Donna Elvira), Edita Fleischer, (Zerlina) Tito Schipa (Don Ottavio), Virgilio Lazzari (Leporello), Louis D'Angelo (Masetto), Emanuel List (Commendatore); The Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus, Tullio Serafin - (Andromeda); (Live performance), 1936: John Brownlee (Don Giovanni), Ina Souez (Donna Anna), Luise Helletsgruber (Donna Elvira), Audrey Mildmay (Zerlina), Koloman von Pataky (Don Ottavio), Salvatore Baccaloni (Leporello), Roy Henderson (Masetto), David Franklin (Commendatore); Glyndebourne Festival Orchestra and Chorus, Fritz Busch - (EMI Classics), 1937: Ezio Pinza (Don Giovanni), Elisabeth Rethberg (Donna Anna), Luise Helletsgruber (Donna Elvira), Margit Bokor (Zerlina), Dino Borgioli (Don Ottavio), Virgilio Lazzari (Leporello), Karl Ettl (Masetto), Herbert Alsen (Commendatore); Chor der Wiener Staatsoper, Wiener Philharmoniker, Bruno Walter - (Urania); (Live performance), 1942: Ezio Pinza (Don Giovanni), Rose Bampton (Donna Anna), Jarmila Novotná (Donna Elvira), Bidu Sayão (Zerlina), Charles Kullman (Don Ottavio), Alexander Kipnis (Leporello), Mack Harrell (Masetto), Norman Cordon (Commendatore); The Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, Bruno Walter - (Andromeda); (Live performance), 1950: Tito Gobbi (Don Giovanni), Ljuba Welitsch (Donna Anna), Elisabeth Schwarzkopf (Donna Elvira), Irmgard Seefried (Zerlina), Anton Dermota (Don Ottavio), Erich Kunz (Leporello), Alfred Poell (Masetto), Josef Greindl (Commendatore); Chor der Wiener Staatsoper, Wiener Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler - (EMI Classics); (Live performance), 1955: Cesare Siepi (Don Giovanni), Suzanne Danco (Donna Anna), Lisa Della Casa (Donna Elvira), Hilde Gueden (Zerlina), Anton Dermota (Don Ottavio), Fernando Corena (Leporello), Walter Berry (Masetto), Kurt Böhme (Commendatore); Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Josef Krips - (Decca), 1958: Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Don Giovanni), Sena Jurinac (Donna Anna), Maria Stader (Donna Elvira), Irmgard Seefried (Zerlina), Ernst Haefliger (Don Ottavio), Karl-Christian Kohn (Leporello), Ivan Sardi (Masetto), Walter Kreppel (Commendatore); RIAS Kammerchor, Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Ferenc Fricsay - (Deutsche Grammophon), 1959: Eberhard Wächter (Don Giovanni), Joan Sutherland (Donna Anna), Elisabeth Schwarzkopf (Donna Elvira), Graziella Sciutti (Zerlina), Luigi Alva (Don Giovanni), Giuseppe Taddei (Leporello), Piero Cappuccilli (Masetto), Gottlob Frick (Commendatore); Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus, Carlo Maria Giulini - (EMI Classics), 1959: Cesare Siepi (Don Giovanni), Birgit Nilsson (Donna Anna), Leontyne Price (Donna Elvira), Eugenia Ratti (Zerlina), Cesare Valletti (Don Ottavio), Fernando Corena (Leporello), Heinz Blankenburg (Masetto), Arnold van Mill (Commendatore); Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Erich Leinsdorf - (Decca), 1966: Nicolai Ghiaurov (Don Giovanni), Claire Watson (Donna Anna), Christa Ludwig (Donna Elvira), Mirella Freni (Zerlina), Nicolai Gedda (Don Ottavio), Walter Berry (Leporello), Paolo Montarsolo (Masetto), Franz Crass (Commendatore); New Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus, Otto Klemperer - (EMI Classics), 1967: Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Don Giovanni), Birgit Nilsson (Donna Anna), Martina Arroyo (Donna Elvira), Reri Grist (Zerlina), Peter Schreier (Don Ottavio), Ezio Flagello (Leporello), Alfredo Mariotti (Masetto), Martti Talvela (Commendatore); Tschechischer Sängerchor Prag, Orchester Des Nationaltheaters Prag, Karl Böhm - (Deutsche Grammophon), 1968: Gabriel Bacquier (Don Giovanni), Joan Sutherland (Donna Anna), Pilar Lorengar (Donna Elvira), Marilyn Horne (Zerlina), Werner Krenn (Don Ottavio), Donald Gramm (Leporello), Leonardo Monreale (Masetto), Clifford Grant (Commendatore); The Ambrosian Singers, English Chamber Orchestra, Richard Bonynge - (Decca), 1973: Ingvar Wixell (Don Giovanni), Martina Arroyo (Donna Anna), Kiri Te Kanawa (Donna Elvira), Mirella Freni (Zerlina), Stuart Burrows (Don Ottavio), Wladimiro Ganzarolli (Leporello), Richard Van Allan (Masetto), Luigi Roni (Commendatore); Chorus and Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Colin Davis - (Philips), 1977: Sherrill Milnes (Don Giovanni), Anna Tomowa-Sintow (Donna Anna), Teresa Żylis-Gara (Donna Elvira), Edith Mathis (Zerlina), Peter Schreier (Don Ottavio), Walter Berry (Leporello), Dale Duesing (Masetto), John Macurdy (Commendatore); Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm - (Deutsche Grammophon), 1978: Bernd Weikl (Don Giovanni), Margaret Price (Donna Anna), Sylvia Sass (Donna Elvira), Lucia Popp (Zerlina), Stuart Burrows (Don Ottavio), Gabriel Bacquier (Leporello), Alfred Sramek (Masetto), Kurt Moll (Commendatore); London Opera Chorus, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Georg Solti - (Decca), 1983: Thomas Allen (Don Giovanni), Carol Vaness (Donna Anna), Maria Ewing (Donna Elvira), Elizabeth Gale (Zerlina), Keith Lewis (Don Ottavio), Richard Van Allan (Leporello), John Rawnsley (Masetto), Dimitri Kavrakos (Commendatore); Glyndebourne Festival Chorus, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink - (EMI Classics). They want to punish him. For example, in an aria midway through Act I (the “Catalogue Aria”), Giovanni’s servant, Leporello, reads delightedly from his little black book, listing the many women who have been conquered by Don Giovanni in each of several nations—1,003 women in Spain alone! Don Giovanni kills him in a duel. Giovanni reunites the two and invites them to his castle to join the party. Don Giovanni 1. A room in Don Giovanni's palace. They hide as she rages at her betrayal at the hands of a scoundrel who had seduced and then deserted her (“Ah! She asks him not to say such things. The Marriage of Figaro had its first performance in Vienna on May 1, 1786. He laughs at her, and she leaves. They are looking for Don Giovanni. It is about the character better known as Don Juan. , Nicholas Kenyon writes: "The power Don Giovanni unleashes is almost too great; if it is an uneven work then it is only imperfect in the way that King Lear is imperfect, from an excess of feeling. Elvira returns and tries to tell the others what kind of man he really is, but Giovanni tells them that Elvira is mad and takes her away. When they return, they discover Commendatore has been killed. He enters the street with Leporello. But he detains Zerlina, to the annoyance of her fiancé, who is finally persuaded to go with the others. Vincenzo Righini wrote an opera that was performed in Vienna and Prague in 1777 — ten years before Don Giovanni. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Don Giovanni in höchster Qualität. Da Ponte even used some words from it when he was writing Don Giovanni. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Da Ponte gave him Don Giovanni. When one would reject his passes, he would simply move on to the next. Mozart wrote some new music for the characters of Elvira and Ottavio. Don Giovanni was first performed in Vienna on May 7, 1788. Although there were hurdles and delays in bringing the opera to the stage, Don Giovanni was a great success in Prague and remained in the repertoire there for years. The three—Anna, Ottavio, and Elvira—are determined to expose Giovanni to everyone. ACT I. Spain. Don Giovanni is about a libertine and murderer who refuses to repent when given the chance. "Don Giovanni", dieses "Dramma giocoso in due atti" KV 527, gilt von jeher als seine gelungenste Oper, mehr noch: Sie gilt als eines der vollkommensten Werke der Musikgeschichte. Anna, Ottavio, Zerlina, and Masetto open a door in the wall, and find Leporello. Don Giovanni is based on a character in European folklore. Buy Tickets. It is not related to music in opera. Giovanni approaches to seduce her but soon recognises her as Donna Elvira, a woman he has already seduced and deserted. Mozart started work on this new opera. Das von … Gluck wrote a ballet for Vienna in 1761. Amazon … There are many who consider "Don Giovanni" to be Mozart's best opera, including me. Masetto, furious, jumps out of the foliage and surprises him, but Giovanni recovers his composure and blithely says that he and Zerlina were just looking for Masetto. Inhalt. Don Giovanni is still considered one of the essential works in the history of opera. Night.  This play is the source of all the Don Juan stories and plays that were written after it. Masetto and Zerlina are going to the party. Don Juan, ein Verführer, ein Libertin und Freigeist, der in Radikalität und Risikofreudigkeit über Gesetz und moralischen Verpflichtungen zu stehen scheint, polarisiert und fasziniert bis heute. At that time, da Ponte promised to write a libretto for Mozart. Don Ottavio gibt sich entschlossen, Don Giovanni selbst stellen zu wollen, und bittet die andern, sich bis dahin um Donna Anna zu kümmern. Even the abundance of Mozart’s catchy melodies alone would be enough to make it a classic. Once they have left, three masked figures enter the garden. Don Giovanni winkt ab, denn die nächste Eroberung steht an. Scene 4. Neben der Leiche lässt er eine rätselhafte Karte zurück. The Commendatore challenges Giovanni to a duel and is killed. The overture opens with a somber musical passage in D minor. Don Giovanni ladet die Mädchen, Leporello die Burschen, die soeben einen Tanz beendet, zum Sitzen ein. Don Giovanni is about a libertine and murderer who refuses to repent when given the chance. She is certain he will be punished. It orders Giovanni to repent. No one is fooled. Die Oper „Don Giovanni“ handelt von dem gleichnamigen Lebemann, der ohne Rücksicht auf Verluste, skrupellos und geradezu besessen, reihenweise Frauen ausnützt und betrügt und somit seinem eigenen Ende entgegen läuft. Anna and Ottavio meet Don Giovanni. Scene 1. Sevilla, in Spanien. A quick, bright section in D major follows this slow passage. The countryside near Seville. Another legend says Mozart's wife Constanze kept her husband awake with funny stories the night before the first performance so he could complete the overture to the opera. Annas Vater, der Komtur, kommt und fordert ihn zu einem Duell heraus. Don Giovanni is an Italian opera in two acts. In hervorragender Solistenbesetzung und mit Jiri Kout am Dirigentenpult des Gewandhausorchesters wurde "Don Giovanni" vom MDR-Fernsehen 1994 in der Oper Leipzig aufgezeichnet. Dieser kaum fassbare Held spielt mit seinen Mitmenschen und agiert nach nur einer Regel: Es lebe die Freiheit! Don Giovanni  is an Italian opera in two acts. Als legendär wird bereits eine Aufführung beim Glyndebourne Festival im Jahr 1936 angesehen, obwohl die Sänger recht unterschiedliche Leistungen geboten hatten. The music by which the ghost appears is some of the most formidable that Mozart would ever write. Don Giovanni, the infamous womanizer, makes one conquest after another until the ghost of Donna Anna's father, the Commendatore, (whom Giovanni killed) makes his appearance. (This scene is cut in modern performances.) A strange voice is heard. Die "Oper aller Opern" Der Prager Impresario Pasquale Bondini hatte mit seiner Operngesellschaft 1786 Mozarts "Figaro" äußerst erfolgreich aufgeführt, nun - ein Jahr später - sollte nachgelegt werden: Mozart erhielt den Auftrag für eine neue Oper. Anna, Elvira, and Ottavio take off their masks. In 2013, Don Giovanni was tenth on the Operabase list of the most-performed operas in the world.. Die Oper um den galanten wie skrupellosen Verführer Don Giovanni wurde durch die kongeniale Zusammenarbeit von Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart mit seinem Librettisten Lorenzo Da Ponte in den Worten Richard Wagners zur »Oper aller Opern.« Das 1787 in Prag uraufgeführte Werk ist aber mehr als ein Drama um Liebe und Verführung, Lust und Laster, Vergewaltigung, Mord und Rache. https://www.operasense.com/don-giovanni-review-metropolitan-opera It used Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio's Villa Capra near Venice as its setting. Don Giovanni was performed across Europe after its success in Prague. They believe Don Giovanni must have helped Leporello escape. Giovanni and Leporello see them from Giovanni’s balcony and, not recognizing them, invite them to the party as well. As Giovanni dances with Zerlina, Leporello forces Masetto to dance, allowing Giovanni to drag Zerlina away. Für Ihre Hilfe mehr Denkanstöße vermitteln. He completed the opera in Prague at the Villa Bertramka, the home of friends. 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